Learn photography | The Ultimate Beginner’s Guide (Video)

Learn photography wth GMax Studios' The Beginner's Guide to Photography.  If you want to learn photography, it is here at GMax Studios that you will find all that you need to know. This is primarily a video guide to photography for beginners. Watch all the sections and see how easy it is to learn photography.

Photography might seem daunting at first but the first thing that you need to remember that technically there are only four things that you need to master when you learn photography.

  1. Aperture
  2. Shutter Speed
  3. ISO
  4. White balance

Yes. You read that right. Only four things. So read the short description and watch the video under it to fully understand the concepts of photography. Some intros also have a link attached to longer articles on the same subject. Click on them (they open in a new window) to know more about the subject.

  This guide is continually being updated, so please bookmark this page (Ctrl+D or Cmnd+D) and check back frequently. You can also subscribe to our YouTube channel.

How is a photograph made?

Before you start learning photography, it is important to understand how is a photograph taken. Understanding this process will help you mentally visualise how your camera captures an image and help you understand the basics of photography better. This will also help you understand what an underexposed photograph and overexposed photograph is.

 

What is aperture?

Aperture is the hole in the lens through which the light enters the camera.This is the primary function of the lens. Depending on the shooting conditions, we can either open the aperture more to let in more light or close it to let lesser light enter the camera.  You can read a more detailed explanation about aperture here.

 

What is shutter speed?

Apart from the aperture, the shutter speed is the second factor that controls the amount of light entering the camera.  A longer shutter speed allows more light to enter the camera and hit the sensor while a shorter shutter speed allows less light to enter the camera. Once you have set the aperture, you can also control the amount of light entering the camera by controlling the shutter speed. You can read more about shutter speed here.

 

What is ISO?

Apart from aperture and shutter speed, ISO is the third element that controls your exposure. ISO defines how sensitive your camera sensor is to light. Higher ISO levels allow us to capture photographs in the dark when our maximum aperture and shutter speed fails to deliver the photographs that we want. This does come at a cost. See the video below to find out more. You can also read about ISO in photography here.

 

What is the relationship between aperture, shutter speed and ISO?

When you first learn photography, the terms aperture, shutter speed and ISO can be confusing but there is nothing to be scared of. Once you understand the relationship between these three, learning photography becomes a cakewalk. We also have a more detailed post on the relationship between aperture, shutter speed and ISO.

 

How does shutter speed affect photographs?

Shutter speed not only controls the amount of light entering the camera, but it is also a factor in freezing or blurring motion in our photographs. We can use the shutter speed to get some great creative control over the kind of photographs we take. You can read more about how shutter speed affects our photographs here.

 

How does aperture affect photographs?

Like shutter speed, aperture not only controls the amount of light entering the camera but also plays a very important role in how your photographs look. Aperture controls the depth of field which means that it controls how much your background is blurred when you take a photograph. You can also read a longer article on how aperture affects photographs here.

 

How to shoot in Manual Mode in photography?

The much-dreaded shooting in manual mode is made out to be something of a nirvana  – that only a few can attain. The fact is that it is really simple and if you have watched all the videos above, you will master it in exactly 5 mins and 36 seconds. Yeah! That's the duration of the video!

 

How to photograph in Program or P mode?

As opposed to the manual mode, the program mode or P mode is made out to be something that only newbies or idiots use. Or maybe both! The fact is that the P mode is an extremely powerful mode on the camera that really allows you to stretch the limits of your photography. Watch the video and see it yourself. You can also read a longer article here.

 

Learn photography | What is white balance in photography?

White balance influences the colour/color of your photographs. Therefore, it is often referred to as color balance. To get truly natural and real colours in a photograph, you need to understand how white balance works in photography.

Also read: How to white balance Nikon cameras and How to white balance Canon cameras.

 

Metering Modes in Photography – How to get the perfect exposure

When you learn photography, it is often frustrating to not  get the exposure that you want. It is like your mind sees a different picture and the camera sees something else and it is true. The way our eyes see something and the way the camera looks at things are quite different and that is the reason why almost all cameras be Nikon, Canon, Sony or Fuji have got quite a few metering modes built into them. To make matters worse, different camera companies call them by different names. So while you might be a Nikon user and be talking about Matrix metering, your Canon user friend will have no clue because Canon calls it Evaluative metering. Then there is spot metering, centre weighted metering, partial metering and God knows what!  The good thing though, that these are just names! Once you know the basics of metering modes on the camera, you will be able to get that perfect exposure on any camera. So watch the video below and don't forget to share it. You can also read more about metering modes in detail by going here.

That is it for now. Please keep coming back and checking for updates.

Please ask any questions that you have in the comments and if you found this beginner's guide to photography useful,  please share this with your friends.

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Gorky M
Gorky M is a Director, Photographer and Creative Consultant. He is also the founder of GMax Studios
Gorky M
Gorky M

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126 comments… add one
  • Prakash Langhnoja Nov 15, 2015, 10:29 pm

    your Episode is Very good

    • Gorky M Nov 30, 2015, 3:40 pm

      Thank you very much!

      • Rahul Dec 7, 2015, 10:13 pm

        Camera milenga kya sach mai

        • Rohith Dec 30, 2015, 8:03 pm

          Your episode was verry superb and i want the any dslr

  • Vijay Achary Nov 17, 2015, 5:40 pm

    nice website and nice youtube channel that help me a lot.first i don’t have any knowledge in photography i try to learn from internet but unfortunately.i don’t have a camera or a dslr ..so one of my friend order a canon 1200D and i bring that and lear with your youtube tutorial with example…thanks gmaxstudio…

  • Luis pava Nov 21, 2015, 7:43 pm

    very good explanation of the opening of the lens to take a picture

  • Dhwani Parikh Nov 22, 2015, 12:20 pm

    Very nice episodes..

  • L. M. Sirajus Salekin Nov 25, 2015, 4:06 pm

    Very informative guide on Photography.

    -Thanks,
    Pavel

  • SABIR PH Dec 1, 2015, 8:13 am

    Thanks. Very informative this episode

  • Mandar Dec 2, 2015, 12:02 am

    Thanks alot

  • SABIR PH Dec 2, 2015, 7:05 am

    Nice

  • Querby M. Dec 2, 2015, 9:39 am

    Very informative, I just purchased my first DSLR camera (Nikon D7100) this will be my first time ever using one. I’ve been through many sites and watched many videos, I have to say that your instructions and videos helped me to understand more in depth about DSLR. GREAT EXPLANATIONS keep it coming ..

  • Pavneet Dec 3, 2015, 11:42 am

    Very explanatory videos, must upload new videos more often. Thanks

  • shaik akbar pasha Dec 3, 2015, 10:51 pm

    I think this information is A lot to an amateur photographer, i personally value your words and loved all episodes. ..
    Thank you Gorky..
    Regards,
    Shaik Akbar.

  • SABIR PH Dec 4, 2015, 6:54 am

    Awesome experience

  • thahir ali Dec 4, 2015, 8:56 am

    Yup the pic yaa..

  • SABIR PH Dec 5, 2015, 11:48 am

    Awesome

  • thahir ali Dec 5, 2015, 12:50 pm

    Itz waooo

  • SABIR PH Dec 6, 2015, 8:50 am

    Good messages ,im very intrested to complete study photography

    Thanks Gorkey sir

  • Deep Majumdar Dec 6, 2015, 11:59 am

    A wonderful class without any hazitation. A big THANKS to mr.Gorky M.

  • Deep Majumdar Dec 6, 2015, 12:02 pm

    A bliss from the almighty.

  • Trupen Dec 7, 2015, 12:21 am

    Very informative…

  • Samir Kumar Sarkar Dec 7, 2015, 12:57 am

    Awesome!

  • SABIR PH Dec 7, 2015, 9:12 am

    Ur episode very informative. Thanks a lot

  • ilyas Dec 7, 2015, 10:32 am

    Awesome photography tutorials, Learned a lot from your videos hope you will upload new video soon.
    thank you for giving this knowledge of photography,
    I am a photography lover but I don’t have a DSLR.

  • justlin Dec 8, 2015, 7:54 am

    your doing great……
    I loved all the episodes
    Thank you

  • sanket Dec 8, 2015, 4:00 pm

    Love it

  • SABIR PH Dec 9, 2015, 2:55 pm

    Your episode is very good..!

  • Shivam Dec 9, 2015, 3:59 pm

    Sr maine aapse bhot kuch sikha h…. Thank u sr….
    Sr ek din m apse jarur milunga…..
    Kash apko assist kar pau….lve u sr….

  • SABIR PH Dec 10, 2015, 11:44 pm

    I’m really interested in a photography. But I don’t have a SLR camera bt I’m tak pictures from my phone. I’m a big fan of u.. thanks Gorky sir

  • SABIR PH Dec 11, 2015, 9:38 am

    Your clases very informative, so pls upload new video s.

  • Atul vaish Dec 11, 2015, 10:59 am

    I like it

  • Madhu Babu Dec 12, 2015, 1:04 am

    My name is Madhu.. I want Nikon d5300.. How is it sir. Is supporting for wedding photography

  • Jamaluddin Dec 12, 2015, 11:30 am

    Thanks a lot Gorky sir to share…such tutorials, I love all the episode s from G Max Studio.

  • SABIR PH Dec 12, 2015, 3:15 pm

    Awesome experience…

  • SABIR PH Dec 13, 2015, 9:12 am

    Very nice episods

  • satish mane Dec 13, 2015, 1:45 pm

    Thanks for information given in such a simple and easy way. Its really useful for beginners like me.
    Plz come with more videos and other tips and tricks regarding the photography.

  • amit kumar Dec 13, 2015, 2:18 pm

    nice episode

  • Lucky Dec 13, 2015, 11:25 pm

    Very good information it’s really useful

  • SABIR PH Dec 15, 2015, 11:55 pm

    Your episode is very good and I’m study about photography

  • SABIR PH Dec 17, 2015, 8:20 am

    Really informative

  • Trupen Dec 18, 2015, 12:18 am

    You are the best for learning photography.

  • SABIR PH Dec 18, 2015, 11:43 pm

    Your episode is very good

  • SABIR PH Dec 20, 2015, 10:45 pm

    Your episode is very good and very informative

  • SABIR PH Dec 21, 2015, 1:18 am

    Absolutely your episodes is very important and informative

  • Saqib Dec 22, 2015, 12:37 am

    Awsm learning

  • SABIR PH Dec 22, 2015, 8:30 am

    Good experience

  • mohit Dec 22, 2015, 10:00 am

    Osam episodes…! Helped me a lott to learn..#thnxxgmax

  • rajendra chaudhari Dec 22, 2015, 10:15 am

    what is the camera life ? min expire date

    • Gorky M Jan 1, 2016, 1:18 pm

      Keep it in the box – it will last 10 years or more! It might survive 10 years even if you use it everyday. It all depends on usage. I still have my Nikon D70 and it still works. My Nikon F80 bought 20 years back still works as well.

  • Aniruddha Dec 22, 2015, 1:48 pm

    This is the best site to learn photography.. I have shot some photos with my cousin’s camera.. Made a lot of mistakes & now i realize why… I am definitely going to stay tuned to this website to learn more.. Thank you for making this process of learning PHOTOGRAPHY easier & more enjoyable!! Looking forward.. Very nice job!!

  • Sagar Jeswani Dec 23, 2015, 12:11 am

    ISO tutorial was a lot of help. Thank you. Now just have to try it out if i get a dslr

  • ABDUL BASITH Dec 23, 2015, 1:43 am

    awsm and fab photography and episods

  • SABIR PH Dec 23, 2015, 10:29 pm

    Nice experience

  • Yashan Khurmi Dec 24, 2015, 6:27 pm

    Episodes are really Good! But I have a Question that is this camera gift is true or fake! Is this camera gift really give to me.

  • SABIR PH Dec 25, 2015, 10:14 am

    I’m really enjoyed the episodes

  • Uday Singh rathod Dec 25, 2015, 10:38 am

    Amazing

  • vansh Dec 25, 2015, 5:17 pm

    Sir Merry Christmas !
    just wanna tell you that
    if I won the contest
    this will be my Year ^_^
    & I seriously Wanna be A Photographer !

  • shashank Dec 26, 2015, 3:51 am

    Hii Brother. Which camera is best Canon 1200 d. Or nikon 3200d

    • kisan Feb 25, 2016, 7:51 pm

      nikon d3300 lelo badiya hai

  • Prajjwal Dec 27, 2015, 9:41 am

    Yes… It is a vrty helpful guide… I must say… A very good articles for newbies to understand what photography. Is……

  • SABIR PH Dec 27, 2015, 10:09 pm

    Your classes is very very informative and interesting.so I’m really enjoyed

  • Tushar bhatore Dec 28, 2015, 4:58 pm

    vry vry nice episode i really enjoyed videos and aawwesome videoss on you tube

  • SABIR PH Dec 28, 2015, 10:24 pm

    Thanks a lot Gorky sir for a good classes

  • Siddhant Kumar Singh Dec 29, 2015, 12:37 am

    sir, i m big fan of your..now a days i m got crazy about photography.. but i don’t have my own camera 🙁 … by the way Awesm.. u tech great skills of photography..

  • SABIR PH Dec 29, 2015, 10:57 pm

    Nice one,I like it

  • Rohit jadhav Dec 30, 2015, 2:05 pm

    thank u

  • Rohit jadhav Dec 30, 2015, 2:07 pm

    thank you

  • Wakaar Aazad Dec 30, 2015, 5:10 pm

    Very helpful Website and channel. 🙂
    Your tutorials are very informative and interesting and i am eagerly waiting for new Episode. 🙂
    Thank you So Much For Some Helpful Tutorial. 🙂

  • Salman King Jan 1, 2016, 6:05 am

    Nic suggestions abt photography

  • SABIR PH Jan 1, 2016, 12:55 pm

    Your episode is very informative and very excellent classes so I’m really like it.I want a SLR

  • Rohan Aherrao Jan 1, 2016, 8:13 pm

    Very informative videos.
    I watched your videos they are so easy to understand I learnt a lot from that. By watching them anyone can improve their photography. Interested in more video like How AA filter affects photographs?
    And also waiting for the all types of lenses. Interested IN MORE VIDEOS THAN DSLR gift.
    Thank You.

  • Chandan Mitra Jan 2, 2016, 2:23 am

    It was very helpful, I already have seen videos in your YouTube channel.
    I’m using Nikon coolpix P600 bridge camera. So waiting eagerly for tomorrow’s result. 🙂 hope to win 🙂

  • SABIR PH Jan 2, 2016, 5:52 am

    Sir, who is the winner..?

  • Chandresh Jan 2, 2016, 12:52 pm

    who is the winner and how

  • Pratik kadam Jan 2, 2016, 1:39 pm

    Hey! It was very usefull, I want to know more about the cameras so plz upload ur videos so that we can get more info from ur videos nd thnx alot….

  • Jolance Gomes Jan 2, 2016, 3:33 pm

    Can I have a look at the pic uploaded by the winner of the giveaway??

  • NITA Jan 15, 2016, 10:04 am

    tks sir

  • A Dave Jan 15, 2016, 9:40 pm

    Thanks. Very informative this episode

  • sameer kapila Jan 16, 2016, 6:10 pm

    it is very useful

  • Jagpal Singh Jan 25, 2016, 1:27 pm

    Dear Gorky Sir,
    I am thankful to you for all the tutorial videos, but i think i must see these before buying my new Sony DSC HX 400V, although it has almost all features but please let me know is it suitable camera for me (I am a very beginner) or i have to change it.
    Thanks

    • kisan Feb 25, 2016, 7:48 pm

      hello sir mere pas bhi sony hx200v ( series bahut noisy Pic dete hai mag uski qualty nhi agar pa buy kar rahe to dslr hi le) maine bhi new d5200 book kiya mai bhi beginer hi gorky sir ki sari vieo bahut hi achi mai fist time me kafi kuch samjha sir ki vajah se thank you gorky M sir

  • Siva Pariti Jan 26, 2016, 5:48 pm

    Hi Sir, I’d like know about one thing that, how to take photos in low lights likely in Restaurants etc., what Aperture, ISO, and shutter speed should set for that?

  • Arjun Feb 4, 2016, 10:10 pm

    I am beginners in photography. Please suggest me one camera which is start my photography career.
    Planning to buy canon 700d or nikon 3300. Which one is better

  • AJAY KHAIRKAR Feb 6, 2016, 10:20 pm

    Thanks for your YouTube channel. This is Very Useful For Me Because I Recently purchased SONY CYBERSHOT DSC-HX 400V & I am Amature Photographer. I Hope You Give me Time To Time Guide Me.

  • GIRI Feb 11, 2016, 1:12 pm

    i want to know about filters. can you explain it

  • giri Feb 11, 2016, 8:21 pm

    i want to know about filters

  • Jatin nayak Mar 30, 2016, 12:53 pm

    Please tell me,how can i learn Photoshop..?

  • Rahul Apr 12, 2016, 11:28 am

    or bhi episode upload kareye pls…

  • Sathish Kannan May 29, 2016, 11:54 pm

    Excellent & best informative videos and no one can explain better than this . Thank you sir for educating us.

  • bhushan Jun 16, 2016, 10:27 pm

    hi, all videos are very helpful, can you please upload information about leans.

  • NANDALAL MANDAL Aug 2, 2016, 10:59 am

    very good

  • girish Aug 18, 2016, 1:05 am

    nice to see you here, sir

  • Bipin Sep 4, 2016, 9:19 pm

    Hello Gorky Sir.
    I have just watched all your episodes and they were very useful for me. I am Bipin from Mumbai. I use a canon 1200D with 18 – 55 & 55 – 250 lens, both lens came along the camera. Actually I have developed the hobby of photography an year ago. But thanks to you sir for giving such a clear n very understanding lesson on all the points of photography i.e. ISO , Shutter Speed , Aperture value and also on white balance. But i want to know that can i use 18-55 lens for macro photography as i am more interested in macro photography. Also kindly guide me for the best lens to use in normal photography.

    Thank You once again Sir for such lovely videos.

  • mxtraj Oct 11, 2016, 9:58 pm

    Mr Gorky
    When can we expect your lens tutorials pls

  • Prateek Oct 14, 2016, 9:36 am

    Sir sony RX100 se aise image kaise lenge jisme subject ke background me ek piller h aur hamko pic subject ke pass se leni h aur subject ke sath sath background piller bhi pura aaye jiski hight approx 20 feet h

  • Dr Kishore Jan 24, 2017, 3:54 pm

    Hi dear Gorky Your grasp of the subject and methodology of educating the beginners of dslr photography is just wonderful.I went through so many YouTube videos and searched Google to understand the basics of photography but I was not impressed. But your lessons are just brilliant. Keep it up.Thanks.

  • Dr Kishore Jan 24, 2017, 4:31 pm

    Excellent tutorial by a brilliant teacher ie Mr Gorky.
    Keep it up.
    Nikon5500 or N5300 which one is good to begin with for a very new beginer like me?

    • Gorky M Feb 4, 2017, 11:56 am

      Both are good cameras… Not too much different. Buy the cheaper one and buy a lens with it! 🙂

  • Mahesh Singh Bora Jan 30, 2017, 3:09 pm

    Thank you very much sir for the all videos…

  • sachin Feb 6, 2017, 7:07 am

    very good explanation of the opening of the lens to take a picture & tutorials is very easy & good

  • Moaz Feb 6, 2017, 9:55 pm

    hello sir… u r awsome.. when i wtch ur vidoes many cnfusions was washed out.. but please make some videos for basic things like brackets ..drive mode..custom control..auto light optimiser….. thanku…

  • jagpal singh Feb 10, 2017, 5:22 pm

    Hi Gorky Sir
    I am beginner , and having a Sony HX400V, now i wants to upgrade my camera, i short list two camera’s i.e. Canon 80D and Nikon D7200. Can you suggest me, for which one i can go for.

    Thanks

  • Amarbir Singh Feb 12, 2017, 11:48 am

    Thanks for all valuable information about photography video tutorials Mr. Gorky M.I am a photographer and planning to make a documentary film so please guide me which lenses are best for video,I have 7d mark2.

  • Pawan Bairwa Feb 12, 2017, 7:10 pm

    Sir I want do photography internship where should I go …..!!!!

  • Suraj Sinha Feb 24, 2017, 4:18 pm

    Sir, I am very new to photography and have gone through all your videos which are there for beginners. I am interested in buying a tripod for my Nikon D5300. Could you please suggest one for a beginner like me?

    • Gorky M Feb 27, 2017, 3:04 pm

      Start with one that fits your budget. Benro is well made and well priced. So is Mefoto. Other slightly expensive options maybe Manfrotto and Gitzo.

  • PANKAJ Feb 25, 2017, 12:10 pm

    Good morning sir. I really like the way u tought us about photography. Sir I have canon 700D. Need ur help for the best use of it.
    Plz help

  • Prateek Feb 25, 2017, 6:25 pm

    I m having nikon d3300..Can i get images quality like professional cameras as nikon d750 or 810 by using post processing software like lightroom

  • Debashis Bagani Mar 2, 2017, 3:42 pm

    Dear Sir, which nikon lens use for daily photography & weeding photography 18-105 or 18-140 either your recommendation /suggestion

  • Manohar More Mar 3, 2017, 8:53 am

    Your YouTube channel all episode is very good sir I want knowledge about flash sync and camera sync

  • Lucifer Mar 5, 2017, 5:17 am

    which school is perfect photography in india

  • Kamal Mar 9, 2017, 8:20 pm

    nice website and nicechannel that help me.i don’t have any knowledge in photography i try to learn from internet but unfortunately.i don’t have a camera So Ky hoga me Nikon D5200 camera leluto .

  • AMARJIT SINGH JABBAL Mar 11, 2017, 8:06 pm

    Regarding the servicing and repairing of DSLR, SLR, lenses e.g; 70-200/2.8, 24-70, 16-35, 17-40, and many more.I will be happy to serve you. Amarjit Camera Repairing (9350977288)

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